Laser Skin Resurfacing
In the patient that desires a quicker and more noticeable changes in skin texture, fine lines, sun spots/ pigmentary irregularities, acne scars and collagen production, an erbium or CO2 laser may be used for skin resurfacing. Laser skin resurfacing is a uses lasers destroy the outer layers of skin in order reveal a new layer of healthier skin. Some lasers may be inappropriate for darker skin complexions. Often these treatments can be performed in the office with topical and local anesthesia. Typically downtime ranges from 3—7 days depending on the type of treatment and the depth of treatment. In some cases, multiple treatments or a touch up may be needed to achieve maximal results.
IPL (Intense Pulsed Light)
Intense Pulse Light or IPL treatments involve theuse of intense pulses of non-coherent light distributed over a range of wavelengths. IPL is used for the treatment of photoaged skin. IPL removes age spots (sun-induced freckles), most benign brown pigments such as melasma or the mask of pregnancy, and improves redness caused by broken capillaries. The procedure requires minimal downtime and has a low risk of side effects which is ideal for active patients.
Laser Hair Removal
The most permanent treatment for unwanted hair of the face and body is laser hair removal. Diode, alexandrite or YAG lasers may be used for these treatments. Melanin is the target for the laser and therefore the hair must have pigment in order to be treated. Many different skin types and hair colors can be treated with laser hair removal but the ideal patient has fair skin and dark hair. The laser will only treat the hair follicles which are in the active growth phase of the hair cycle. Therefore, multiple treatments are needed to treat each of these cycles. Laser hair removal is performed in the office and does not require anesthesia. There may be mild bruising and irritation but there is no significant down time.
Laser for rosacea and vascular lesions
Lasers that target oxyhemoglobin can be used to treat vascular lesions such as port wine stains, birthmarks, venous malformations, spider veins, and rosacea. Oxyhemoglobin absorbs light in the 400-500 nm range. Therefore, Pulsed dye and Nd-Yag lasers are the key lasers for treatment of these lesions as they emit wavelengths of 585 or 595 nm in the pulsed dye laser and 532 nm in the Nd:YAGlasers. The oxyhemoglobin in the blood of these vascular lesions picks up the laser and the vascular lesion is destroyed. Some lesions and conditions require multiple treatments for the best results.
Laser Tattoo Removal
Many patients have tattoos that they would like to remove. Laser therapy is the best treatment for tattoo removal. The easiest tattoo to treat is one that has only black pigment. Other colors must be treated by selected lasers based upon the pigment color. Typically 8-20 treatments are needed for successful tattoo removal. These treatments are performed in the office. In some situations topical anesthesia is used.
At your skin care consultation, Dr. Aya-ay will be sure that you are well educated on laser therapy and understand the best options for you.